Understanding the Types and Origins of Persian Carpets

Discover the different types and the origins of Persian carpets - appreciate the rich cultural meaning behind the designs, patterns and this art form. Steeped in cultural history, hardships and strife, and how these events have shaped the final products

Broadly speaking, there are four main categories of Persian and Oriental carpets, best explained by the environments where they are crafted. This then creates four main categories; Tribal or Nomadic, Cottage, Cities and Master Workshops.

Then there are the geographic areas that these carpets are made in which gives them their 'types'. Read on and find out where they are made and what influences their final quality.


Shah Abbas Persian Carpets

Shah Abbas Persian Carpets

While Alexander the Great may have burned to oblivion many of those soft rugs when he torched down Persepolis, the Persian rug - like many other aspects of Iranian art and architecture - not only survived, but thrived, too. But it wasn’t until the ‘golden age’ ushered in by Shah Abbas the Great ...

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What Are Kilims?

What Are Kilims?

The Kilim (also known as Kelim, Gelim and Gilim) rugs are the most well known of the Oriental flat weaves, similar to the South American Najavo rugs. Kilim, a word of Turkish origin, denotes a pileless textile of many uses produced by one of several flatweaving ...

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Tabriz Persian Carpets

Tabriz Persian Carpets

A good Tabriz has a short and rough pile. The patterns can consist of a centrally placed medallion surrounded by arabesques, weeping willows and cypresses. Another popular motif is the four seasons which describes the life of the ...

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Nain Persian Carpets

Nain Persian Carpets

Originating from the picturesque city of Nain, 200 kilometers east of Isfahan, Nain rugs have long maintained a high reputation, and are immensely popular. Constructed using the Persian knot, Nain rugs are generally made with a cotton foundation with a very soft woolen pile.

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Heriz Persian Carpets

Heriz Persian Carpets

Heriz rugs are one of the most famous rugs from Iran, because of their very unique and distinguishable style. Heriz is a city located in northwestern Iran, near the city of Tabriz, which is a major rug-weaving center in Iran. Most often, Heriz rugs have oversized geometric ...

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This list of the most influential and well known Persian and Oriental carpets will be added to over time.